If you are one of the people in the process of contemplating the use of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injections as a scar therapy, then you have come to the right place. The article below will take you through comprehensive information that will help you make an informed decision. Before making an appointment for further consultation with one of our therapists, you need to be familiar with the results to have smoother, healthier, and appealing skin. PRP therapy has been in use for a long time and first gained fame when athletes started using it to fasten the healing process after injuries. It is also used to heal the tissues and catalyze the cells’ healthy growth and regeneration process. One prominent use is the elimination and minimization of scar tissue.
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Process
To understand scar therapy, one needs to grasp the necessary process involved in PRP therapy. The treatment is termed as PRP because, in comparison to the usual blood, PRP is a colorless fluid plasma mixture in the blood that holds a higher concentration of growth factors and platelets. The healing process is reinforced by the growth factors that are unique proteins contained within a platelet. The platelets, commonly known as blood cells, basically strengthen the healing process by helping in clotting.
Scar Minimization with PRP Injections
PRP Injections lead to a greater quantity and better quality Collagen. The collagen quantity is enhanced when fibroblasts (connective tissue cells) and Keratinocytes (epidermal cells) are stimulated. The unique proteins or growth factors lead to tissue regeneration and new blood vessels that help improve skin texture. Thus PRP process as a whole helps to minimize scars.
Scarring fades when the affected skin is regenerated and rejuvenated due to new collagen production around the injection site. The human body holds multiple proteins, but Collagen is the most abundant protein. Collagen plays a vital role in producing healthy and new skin tissue, along with many other processes.
Scars Treatable with PRP Therapy
Scars are formed as the result of thicker and deeper dermis (skin layer) damage. The damage can be caused by acne outbreaks, surgery, burns, cut injury, or penetrating wounds. Scars are tissues that hold distinct texture as compared to the surrounding skin tissue. Naturally occurring Collagen fibers being protein repair the dermis damage.
Scars can be permanent or temporary, depending on the situation. When a scar is sustained due to a minor cut, a red mark appears on the skin. It fades over time, but this is not always the case. Scar therapy via PRP is an appealing option to go for in case of permanent scars because it can be applied to all types of scars visible on the skin. In permanent scars, some people need to seek treatments to minimize or eliminate the scars. PRP Scar therapy is the optimal solution for such treatment.
PRP Scar Therapy Compatibility
Even though scars may gradually disappear over time or become less noticeable, that is not always the case. Some people might feel personal embarrassment, especially acne scars and scars on the arm, face, or neck. Scars can be bothersome depending on the visibility and personal comfort level. In this case, it is better to seek out scar therapy.
In many situations, scars are discolored or too deep to be effectively hidden with makeup. Even if you can conceal with makeup, it becomes a hectic routine for a lot of people. PRP injections are the best treatment option for non-fading scars after several years. They are reluctant to undergo invasive cosmetic surgery or fairly lengthy, oddly shaped, inconvenient, and highly visible scars.
Scar Therapy preparation routine
In general, scar needs to be the one that will react positively to the regeneration and tissue stimulation process. The first step to determine the effectiveness of PRP injections is to assess the scar nature by examining the tissue area. In the case of a relatively new scar, it is recommended that one should wait and observe if the scar fades away naturally. The compatibility as the right candidate for PRP injections will be followed by evaluating factors like skin conditions and overall health.
While using PRP for scar therapy, it is generally not needed to conduct image tests. Still, in rare cases, these tests are performed to detect any other invisible tissue damage in the scar area. In smoking cases, it is often advised to avoid smoking a few weeks before the treatment to prevent inhibiting the body’s natural healing process. It is usually recommended to avoid any medications, especially blood-thinning medications that might adversely affect the body’s reaction to the injections.
PRP-Based Scar Therapy Process
After establishing the PRP therapy compatibility for treating scars, the blood sample is taken from the subject in the same way as taking a standard blood test. The next stage involves separating white and red blood cells from the plasma; a piece of lab equipment, Centrifuge, spins the blood sample at high speed.
The mixture obtained is applied to the target scar tissue area using a micro-needling device. The high amount of beneficial growth factors in the mixture leads to an improved healing process due to enhanced Collagen.
Instant Post Scar Therapy effects
It is generally advised to use pain relievers or apply ice to the treated area for getting rid of the minimal pain that might occur in some cases. Other than the minimum levels of discomfort, there are no other side effects. Due to the typically small downtime from injections, most patients have been observed to return to their usual daily routines as soon as the scar therapy is finished.
Generally, it can take days or weeks before the skin bears any improvement in the scar area. The body takes its own time to conduct the healing process and react positively to the platelet enriched mixture. PRP therapy has no predetermined standard time for the results to appear. Scar tissue becomes less noticeable, and scar starts to disappear when newer and better quality Collagen starts to be produced. Collagen also leads to more improvements in the skin’s appearance and texture. It is recommended to note some factors while the skin takes its course on regenerating and healing. A patient should wash the treated area to keep it clean, minimize exposure to the sun, and avoid products like facial scrubs, soap, makeup, or other topical applications.
The enhanced elastin growth and Collagen lead to an increased improvement in the results as the result of PRP scar therapy. Elastin is a protein that helps retain or regain shape for tissues. In most cases, scars become less visible due to the volume increase after the applied PRP mixture reinforces the healing and regeneration process. The skin also appears to have a more consistent texture.
Promising Research Points to Scar Appearance Reduction with PRP
Recent studies suggest that PRP therapy and laser resurfacing can help recruit melanocytes for scar repigmentation. Italian researchers used PRP and fractional non-ablative laser and fat grafts to treat traumatic scars in a research study conducted in 2012. The controlled and random trial included 60 subject patients split into three groups; group A was treated with fat grafts mixed with PRP, group B was treated with non-ablative laser, and both procedures were used to treat group C. With anticoagulant (sodium citrate) present, PRP was prepared by drawing 18 ml of blood, centrifuged at 1100 g for 10 minutes, and then activated with autologous thrombin. The activated PRP was injected below the scar’s surface for patients in groups A and C after being added to centrifuged fat.
Groups B and C received fractional non-ablative laser resurfacing from an erbium glass rod attached to a xenon flash. Four sessions were conducted, that had an average energy fluence of 20-40 J/cm² and consisted of 3-4 passes of 1540 nm wavelength laser. Though scars varied in location and size, the same doctor administered all treatments. An independent physician evaluated patients after each laser session and six months after treatment. Scar appearance was assessed according to the Manchester Scar Scale (MSS), which includes color, contour, and texture, among other parameters. Results showed significant benefit for procedures augmented with platelet-rich plasma. Patients in group C saw the best results with a combination of laser with PRP and fat grafts.
Scar Therapy and other Skin Treatments Combination
Applying PRP scar therapy in combination with various modern skin treatments leads to relatively enhanced results even when the PRP mixture only minimizes the scars. After finishing the PRP scar therapy sessions, additional skin treatment can prove beneficial if scars do not entirely disappear or heal.
PRP Scar Therapy Benefits
Cosmetic surgery is an invasive approach to scar removal, which leads to an appreciation for the PRP injections. Even though the results gradually take effect, most patients have shown higher satisfaction with scar therapy results via PRP. Moreover, additional treatments are not the norm; PRP treatments are completely capable of ensuring desire results individually in most cases. Furthermore, scar therapy with PRP is viewed as a safer procedure for skin issues.
Several factors like location, nature, and type of scars determine the number of recommended scar therapy sessions with PRP injections. Many patients observe noticeable and desire results for acne scars after 1 to 3 treatment sessions.
After reading the article above, you should have all the necessary information to make an informed decision. If you would like to consider PRP for your acne scars or other scars, please visit https://prptherapy.ca or give us a call at 647-952-1555 to book a consultation at one of our PRP clinics in the Toronto GTA.