PRP | Platelet-Rich Plasma | Richmond Hill
WHAT IS PRP?
Platelet-Rich Plasma, also know as PRP, is a relatively new regenerative cell-based therapy that uses one’s own platelets (the cells in your blood) to support the natural healing process in damaged tissue and organs, promotes skin rejuvenation effects, alopecia, and many other medical fields.
PRP is also known as autologous conditioned plasma, a concentrate of platelet-rich plasma derived from whole blood, centrifuged to separate the plasma from the red blood cells.
With this new biotechnology, the concentrated platelets is injected back into the body, into damaged ligaments, joints, and tendons to promote tissue repair; into the scalp to stop hair loss and promote hair regrowth, and facial areas to treat scar revision and facial rejuvenation (vampire facial).
PRP was created over 20 years ago initially employed in periodontal therapy, orthopedics, and sports medicine. But in recent years, it has become increasingly popular in the field of dermatology. The skin and hair industry has seen benefits of using PRP in the use for acne scars, wound healing, fat grafting, skin rejuvenation, and hair regrowth.
In a typical blood sample, the blood is comprised of 93% red blood cells, 6% platelets, and 1% white blood cells. Once the blood is centrifuged, most of the red blood cells are discarded, leaving about 94% concentration of platelets and 6% red blood cells in the platelet-rich plasma (PRP). It is this high level of growth factors and cytokines which aid in tissue rejuvenation and healing. A platelet concentration of approximately 1 million platelets/μl, which is ∼5 times the normal concentration of platelets, has demonstrated wound healing and tissue reparative efficacy.
Platelets contain a vast reservoir of over 800 proteins which when secreted, act upon many targets including stem cells. Other important components in PRP include fibrinogen and leukocytes. The benefits of PRP come not only from the platelets, but from the combination of growth factors and constituents.
PRP AND ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA
Many studies have shown the use of PRP for androgenetic hair loss to be positive and beneficial. PRP is injected into the scalp using a micro needling device. The growth factors in PRP are responsible for supporting hair follicles and maintaining the anagen or active phase of the hair cycle. Mean hair density, hair diameter, and terminal/vellus hair ratio were among the measures showing statistically significant improvement, with most patients being satisfied with their clinical results.
PRP AND FACIAL REJUVENATION (VAMPIRE FACIAL)
The use of PRP in dermatology has exploded in recent years for its beneficial effects on fine lines and wrinkles, acne scars, skin texture, stretch marks, and surgical scars. PRP facial cell regeneration has become extremely popular in recent years thanks to Kim Kardashian. The term “vampire facial” was made popular by her 2013 Instagram photo with a bloody face with her followers asking “Uh, what’s the deal with this weird new skin care thing?”. The idea of a therapy that can take years off a person’s appearance and make them look younger quickly took off and today PRP is one of the most requested skin rejuvenating therapies.
PRP AND ACNE SCARS
PRP has been found effective in helping patients with different types of scarring left behind due to acne breakouts. PRP or platelet-rich serum, when injected into the scar tissue, stimulates collagen and elastin production in the underlying layers of the skin. Over time, the depressions of the scars begin to even out, leaving a smoother, plumper, more youthful appearance.
PRP AND ANTI-AGEING
PRP is a medical procedure where your skin is healing and improving with each treatment. Over time your skin becomes smoother, plumper, more radiant, and youthful. PRP stands for platelet-rich plasma. The plasma comes from your own blood, making it an all-natural serum that is safe and effective as an anti-ageing therapy.
PRP contains chemokines, cytokines, plasma proteins, and growth factors, which can contribute to the acceleration of healing, tissue growth, and generation of hyaluronic acid. Studies have shown that there are over 800 different types of proteins present in PRP. These proteins and growth factors can stimulate stem cells and improve cellular proliferation, differentiation, and regeneration.